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  • Thanasis Tsapanoglou 11:01 pm on 03/09/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Wikipedia   

    About Jōdō.. 

    Concentrate on being a person who causes no injury to others. In the heart of the jo there is an arrow.

    Jōdō (杖道), meaning “the way of the “, or jōjutsu (杖術) is a Japanese martial art using a short staff called . The art is similar to bōjutsu, and is strongly focused upon defense against the Japanese sword. The  is a short staff, usually about 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) long. The martial art of jōdō was the province of professional warriors, so it was usually not used by travelers to ward off aggressive bandits or swordsmen, as one might expect.

    Shintō Musō-ryū jōjutsu (sometimes known as Shintō Musō-ryū jōdo – “Shindo” is also a valid pronunciation for the leading character), is reputed to have been invented by the great swordsman Musō Gonnosuke Katsuyoshi (夢想 權之助 勝吉, fl. c.1605, date of death unknown) about 400 years ago, after a bout won by the famous Miyamoto Musashi (宮本 武蔵, 1584–1645). According to this tradition, Gonnosuke challenged Musashi using a , or long staff, a weapon he was said to wield with great skill. Although there are no records of the duel outside of the oral tradition of the Shintō Musō-ryū, it is believed that Musashi caught Gonnosuke‘s  in a two sword “X” block (jūji-dome). Once in this position, Gonnosuke could not move in such a way as to prevent Musashi from delivering a counterattack, and Musashi elected to spare his life.

    Gonnosuke then withdrew to a Shinto shrine to meditate. After a period of purification, meditation, and training, Gonnosuke claimed to have received a divine vision. By shortening the length of the  staff from roughly 185 cm to 128 cm (or, in the Japanese measurements, four shaku, two sun and one bu), he could increase the versatility of the weapon, giving him the ability to use techniques created for the long staff, spear fighting and swordsmanship. The length of the new weapon was longer than the tachi (long sword) of the period, but short enough to allow the reversal of the striking end of the  in much tighter quarters than the longer . Gonnosuke could alter the techniques he used with the  stick, depending on the opponent he faced, to provide himself with many different options of attack. He named his style Shintō Musō-ryū and challenged Musashi again. This time, when Musashi attempted to use the jūji-dome block on the  staff, Gonnosuke was able to wheel around the other end of the staff (because of the reduced length), forcing Musashi into a position where he had to concede defeat. Returning the courtesy he received during their previous duel, Gonnosuke spared Musashi‘s life.

    The modern study of jōdō, has two branches:

    Aiki-jō is the name given to the set of martial art techniques practiced with a , practiced according to the principles of Aikido, taught first by Morihei Ueshiba then further developed by Morihiro Saito, one of Ueshiba’s most prominent students.



    Source: wikipedia.org

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  • Thanasis Tsapanoglou 3:28 pm on 03/06/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Wikipedia   

    Coffee terminology 

    Single-origin is a descriptive term referring to a coffee varietal with a single known geographical origin. Sometimes this is a single farm, or a specific collection of beans from a single country. The name of the coffee is then usually the place it was grown to whatever degree available. Single-origins are viewed by some as a way to get a specific taste, and some independent coffee shops have found that this gives them a way to add value over large chains.

    Estate coffees are a specific type of single-origin coffee. They are generally grown on a single farm, which might range in size from a few acres to large plantations occupying many square miles, or a collection of farms which all process their coffee at the same mill.

    Micro-lot coffees are another type of specific single-origin coffee from a single field on a farm, a small range of altitude, and specific day of harvest.

    Source: wikipedia.org

     
  • Thanasis Tsapanoglou 3:58 pm on 27/05/2012 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Wikipedia   

    About Aikidō.. 

    Aikidō is the way of nonresistance and is therefore undefeatable from the start. Fast and slow are of no consequence. Merely by having the intention to fight with one who embodies the universal law, they have fixed their mind on violating the harmony of nature itself. The person with evil or malicious feeling jyaki is defeated before he makes the first move. The contest has already been decided.
    O’Sensei Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969)

    Aikidō (合気道) is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs. Aikidō is often translated as “the Way of unifying (with) life energy” or as “the Way of harmonious spirit”. Ueshiba’s goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while also protecting their attacker from injury. The word “Aikidō” is formed of three kanji:

    •  – ai – joining, unifying, combining, fit
    •  – ki – spirit, energy, mood, morale
    •  –  – way, path

    Aikidō derives mainly from the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, but began to diverge from it in the late 1920s, partly due to Ueshiba’s involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion. Ueshiba’s early students’ documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu. One of the primary features of Ōmoto-kyō is its emphasis on the attainment of utopia during one’s life. This was a great influence on Ueshiba’s martial arts philosophy of extending love and compassion especially to those who seek to harm others. Aikidō demonstrates this philosophy in its emphasis on mastering martial arts so that one may receive an attack and harmlessly redirect it. In an ideal resolution, not only is the receiver unharmed, but so is the attacker.

    Aikidō is performed by blending with the motion of the attacker and redirecting the force of the attack rather than opposing it head-on. This requires very little physical strength, as the aikidōka (Aikidō practitioner) “leads” the attacker’s momentum using entering and turning movements. The techniques are completed with various throws or joint locks.

    Aikidō makes use of body movement (tai sabaki) to blend with uke. For example, an “entering” (irimi) technique consists of movements inward towards uke, while a “turning” (転換 tenkan) technique uses a pivoting motion. Additionally, an “inside”(内 uchi) technique takes place in front of uke, whereas an “outside” (外 soto) technique takes place to his side; a “front” (表 omote) technique is applied with motion to the front of uke, and a “rear” (裏 ura) version is applied with motion towards the rear of uke, usually by incorporating a turning or pivoting motion. Finally, most techniques can be performed while in a seated posture (seiza). Techniques where both uke and nage are sitting are called suwari-waza, and techniques performed with uke standing and nage sitting are called hanmi handachi. Thus, from fewer than twenty basic techniques, there are thousands of possible implementations.

    One feature of Aikidō is training to defend against multiple attackers, often called taninzudori, or taninzugake. Freestyle (randori, or jiyūwaza) practice with multiple attackers is a key part of most curricula and is required for the higher level ranks. “Randori”, literally “chaos”, exercises a person’s ability to intuitively perform techniques in an unstructured environment.

    Weapons training in Aikidō traditionally includes the short staff (), wooden sword (bokken), and knife (tantō).

    Most Aikidō systems add a pair of wide pleated black or indigo trousers called a hakama.

    Ueshiba’s senior students have different approaches to Aikidō, depending partly on when they studied with him. Today, Aikidō is found all over the world in a number of styles, with broad ranges of interpretation and emphasis.

    A list of Aikidō techniques can be found here. In addition, a series of quotes from the founder of Aikidō, Morihei Ueshiba, can be found here.



    Source: wikipedia.org

     
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